Nursing Interventions: Anaphylaxis
- Provide supplemental oxygen and observe. If hypoxia continues, prepare to help insert an artificial airway.
- Insert an I.V. line for giving emergency drugs and volume expanders.
- Continually reassure the patient and explain all tests and treatments to reduce fear and anxiety.
- If the patient undergoes skin or scratch testing. Keep emergency resuscitation equipment nearby during and after the test.
- Continuously assess the patient’s response to treatment.
- Monitor vital signs and cardiopulmonary and neurologic function.
- Observe for complications associated with anaphylaxis, such as vascular collapse and acute respiratory insufficiency or obstruction.
- Closely observe a patient with known allergies for anaphylaxis when giving a drug with high anaphylactic potential.