Nursing Interventions for Mitral Stenosis

Nursing Interventions: Mitral Stenosis

  1. Before giving penicillin, ask the patient if she’s ever had a hypersensitivity reaction to the drug.
  2. Assist the patient with bathing as necessary.
  3. Allow the patient to express his concerns over being unable to meet her responsibilities because of activity restrictions.
  4. Place the patient in an upright position to relieve dyspnea, if needed.
  5. Prepare the patient for valve replacement or percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty, as indicated.
  6. Keep the patient on a low-sodium diet.
  7. Watch closely for signs of pulmonary dysfunction caused by pulmonary hypertension, tissue ischemia caused by emboli, and adverse reactions to drug therapy.
  8. Explain all tests and treatments to the patient.
  9. Advise the patient to plan for periodic rest in her daily routine to prevent undue fatigue.
  10. Teach the patient about diet restrictions.

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