Nursing Interventions for Pancreatitis

Nursing Interventions: Pancreatitis

  1. Maintain the nasogastric tube for drainage or suctioning.
  2. Restrict the patient to bed rest, and provide a quiet and restful environment.
  3. Place the patient in comfortable position that allows maximal chest expansion.
  4. Keep water and other beverages at bed side, and encourage the patient to drink plenty of fluids.
  5. Provide I.V. fluids and parenteral nutrition as ordered.
  6. Assess the patient’s level of pain.
  7. Assess pulmonary status at least every 4 hours to detect early signs of respiratory complications.
  8. Monitor fluid and electrolyte balance, and report any abnormalities.
  9. Emphasize the importance of avoiding factors that precipitate acute pancreatitis especially alcohol.
  10. Stress the need for a diet high in carbohydrates and low in protein and fats.
  11. Caution the patient to avoid caffeinated beverages and irritating foods.

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