Nursing Interventions for Asthma
September 6, 2010 | In: Nursing Interventions
Nursing Interventions: Asthma
- Maintain respiratory function and relieve bronchoconstriction while allowing mucus plug expulsion.
- Control exercise-induced asthma by having the patient sit down, rest, and use diaphragmatic and pulse-lip breathing until shortness of breath subsides.
- Supervise the patient’s drug regimen.
- Demonstrate the proper use of metered doe inhaler properly.
- Reassure the patient during an asthma attack and stay with him.
- Place the patient in semi-fowler position and encourage diaphragmatic breathing.
- Assist him to relax as much as possible.
- As ordered, administer oxygen by nasal cannula toease breathing and to increase arterial oxygen saturation during an acute asthma attack.
- Adjust oxygen according to the patient’s vital functions and ABG measurements.
- Administer drugs and I.V. fluids as ordered.
- Combat dehydration with I.V. fluids until the patient can tolerate oral fluids, which will help loosen secretions.
- Encourage the patient to express his fears and concerns about his illness.
- Encourage the patient to identify and comply with care measures and activities that promote relaxation.