Nursing Interventions for Acute Rheumatic Fever

Here is the most common nursing interventions for acute rheumatic fever.

  1. Monitor temperature frequently, and patient’s response to antipyretics.
  2. Monitor the patient’s pulse frequently, especially after activity to determine degree of cardiac compensation.
  3. Auscultate the hear periodically for development of new heart murmur or pericardial or pleural friction rub.
  4. Observe for adverse effects of salicylate or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy, such as stomach upset, tinnitus, headache, GI bleeding, and altered mental status.
  5. Monitor the patient’s response to long-term activity restriction.
  6. Restrict sodium and fluids and obtain daily weights as indicated.
  7. Administer medications punctually and at regular intervals to achieve constant therapeutic blood levels.
  8. Explain the need to rest (usually prescribed for 4 to 12 weeks, depending on the severity of the disease and health care provider’s preference) and assure the patient that bed rest will be imposed no longer than necessary.
  9. Assist the patient to resume activity very gradually once asymptomatic at rest and indicators of acute inflammation have become normal.
  10. Provide comfort measures.
  11. Provide safe, supportive environment for the child with chorea.
  12. Observe for the disappearance or any major or minor manifestations of the disease and report signs of increased rheumatic activity as salicylates or steroids are being tampered.
  13. Encourage continuous prophylactic antimicrobial therapy to prevent recurrence.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>