Making an Occupied Bed


  1. To change the linen with the least possible disturbance to the patient.
  2. To draw or fix the sheets under the patients very firmly so that it would not wrinkle.
  3. To remove crumbs from the bed.
  4. To make patient feel comfortable.


  • Necessary linen.
  • Tray for stripping and airing.
  • Laundry bag or hamper


  1. Bring the preparation to the bedside table.
  2. Loosen the bedding on all side of the bed.
  3. Turn the patient to the far side of the bed.
  4. Remove pillow if the patient does not object to its being removed.
  5. Wipe the rubber sheet if damp, otherwise change it with a clean one if it is soiled.
  6. Fanfold the draw sheet towards the center of the bed. Do not same to the rubber sheet and to the bottom sheet.
  7. Take the bottom sheet, fanfold 1/2, spread the remaining half and tuck at the head part.
  8. Miter the corner and then tuck the sides from the head to the fool part. Tuck rubber sheet and draw sheet.
  9. Spread the top sheet wrong side up. Tuck foot and miter corner.
  10. Turn the patient to the side already fixed, covering him with the top sheet.
  11. Go to the opposite side. Remove soiled sheets and fix the linen following the same procedure as in making an ordinary bed.
  12. Put the soiled linen in the hamper or laundry bag. (Never on the Floor).
  13. Remove, shake and replace the pillows. Change pillowcase if necessary.
  14. Fix the top sheet. Remove the blanket and fold.
  15. Omit rubber sheet and draw sheet if patient if ambulatory.


  1. Provision for privacy as situation requires.
  2. Carefully turning the patient. So as to prevent over exertion and feeling or insecurity.
  3. Provision of opportunity for patient to Participate.
  4. Placement of top bedding so that shoulder may be covered and the necessary adjustments made over toes.
  5. Careful observation of skin areas of the patient.

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