Nursing Interventions for Diarrhea
April 28, 2010 | In: Nursing Interventions
- Replace fluid and electrolyte losses
- Provide good perianal care. Diarrheal stool is oftentimes highly acidic. This causes anal soreness and irritation in the perianal area.
- Promote rest. To reduce peristalsis.
- Small amounts of bland foods
- Low fiber diet
- BRAT Diet (banna, rice, apple, toast)
- Avoid excessively hot or cold fluids. These are stimulants.
- Potassium-rich foods and fluid (e.g. banana, Gatorade)
- Demulcents – mechanically coat the irritated bowel and act as protectives.
- Absorbents – absorbs gas or toxic substances from the bowel
- Astringents – Shrink swollen or inflamed tissues in the bowel.
Note: Do not administer antidiarrheal at the start of diarrhea. Diarrhea is the body’s protective mechanism to rid itself of bacteria and toxins.