Nursing Interventions for Poliomyelitis
November 14, 2010 | In: Nursing Interventions
Nursing Interventions: Poliomyelitis
- Maintain a patent airway, and keep a tracheotomy tray at the patient’s bed side.
- Encourage a return to mild activity as soon as possible.
- Prevent fecal impaction by giving enough fluids to ensure an adequate daily urine output of low specific gravity.
- Provide tube feedings when needed.
- Provide good skin care, reposition the patient often, and keep bed linens dry.
- To alleviate discomforts, use foam rubber pads and sandbags or light splints as ordered.
- Wash hands thoroughly after contact with the patient or any of his secretions and excretions.
- Frequently check blood pressure, especially if the patient has bulbar poliomyelitis.
- Assess bladder retention that cause muscle paralysis.
- Have the patient wear high-top sneakers or use a footboard to prevent foot drop.
- Provide emotional support to the patient and his family.