Medical Surgical Nursing

Hepatitis B – Blood Borne Virus

Hepatitis B – Blood Borne Virus

Hepatitis B is a viral infection that targets the liver and causes both acute and chronic disease.According to the World Health Organization, about 2 billion people worldwide have been infected with the virus and about 350 million live with chronic infection. About 600,000 people die annually due to Hepatitis B infection. 25% of the people infected with this type of hepatitis will probably have liver cirrhosis when they age.

When compared to HIV, this is 50 times more prevalent and a occupational health hazard for medical personnel. A vaccine specific to this type of virus is readily available for optimum protection.

Read More…

Hepatitis A: Viral Hepatitis

By: Ira Hope, RN Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver caused by hepatitis A virus. The  disease is primarily transmitted via food or drinks contaminated with a person who have had Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A can be transmitted through: Ingesting food or drinks prepared by a person with HAV virus Oral or Anal sex with […]

Ankylosing Spondilities Arthritis

Definition A chronic inflammatory disease of the spine that can result in fused vertebrae and rigid spine. Etiology Unknown Genetic link Pathophysiology Genetic link Ligaments supporting bones become calcified of filled with lime. Disease gradually progresses upward until the end of spine Spine become stiff The upper curve of the spine become more bent Muscle […]

Repair of Intussusception

Definition A telescopic invagination of a portion of the intestine into an adjacent part, producing mechanical and vascular impairment. Discussion Invagination is the insertion of one part of a structure within another part of the same structure, which is what happens with intussusception. This defect can be relieved by either reduction via hydrostatic pressure (usually […]

Principles and Practices of Surgical Asepsis

All objects used in a sterile field must be sterile. All articles are sterile appropriately by dry or moist heat, chemicals, or radiation before use. Always check a package containing a sterile object for intactness, dryness, and expiration date. Sterile articles can be stored for only a prescribed time; after that, they are considered unsterile. […]