Nursing Interventions for Diverticular Disease
October 18, 2010 | In: Nursing Interventions
Nursing Interventions: Diverticular Disease
- Administer antibiotics, stool softeners, and antispasmodics, as ordered. For severe pain, administer analgesics as ordered.
- Maintain bed rest for patient with acute diverticulitis.
- Maintain liquid diet during the acute attack.
- If diverticular bleeding occurs, the patient may require angiography and catheter placement for vasopressin infusion.
- When administering medications, monitor the patient for desired effects and possible adverse reaction.
- Inspect all stools carefully for color and consistency. Note frequency of bowel movements.
- Monitor the patient for signs and symptoms of complications. Watch for temperature elevation, increasing abdominal pain, blood in stools, and leukocytosis.
- If the patient has had angiography for catheter placement and vasopressin infusion for diverticular bleeding, inspect the insertion site frequently for bleeding.
- Instruct the patient to notify the doctor if he has a temperature above 38.3 °C.
- Teach the patient about necessary diagnostic tests and prescribed treatments.
- If a colostomy is constructed during surgery, teach the patient how to care for it.
- If the patient expresses anxiety, provide psychological support.